Общество и Армия
Международная сеть правозащитных организаций в поддержку призывников, военнослужащих и альтернативнослужащих: действия по обеспечению верховенства права
Общество и Армия

Expert Alena Karaliova about some problematic aspects of the draft law on alternative civilian service in Belarus

On November 10, 2014, the draft law on alternative civilian service (ACS) was passed by the House of Representatives in the first session (Resolution of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly from 10.11.2014 #434-П5/V). The text of the draft law in Russian is here: http://www.pravo.by/main.aspx?guid=3941&p0=2013108017.

There are some problematic aspects:
 
1. The discriminatory term of the ACS

Expert Alena Karaliova about a new Federal Law which forbid to those who evade from the military service to work in the government sector

In January 2014, a new Federal Law adopted by the State Duma came to force. This law prescribes that those who evade from the military service are prohibited to work in the government sector (including such vacancies as policeman, civil servant, judge, deputy and even a general employee (for example, secretary) in governmental structures). This law concerns both those who are already serving in the governmental sector (they should be dismissed) and those who will express the wish to serve in the future.

The case of Lyalyakin v. Russia

In the case of Lyalyakin v. Russia (application no. 31305/09) the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously, that there had been:
a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights, both on account of Mr Lyalyakin’s treatment and on account of the authorities’ failure to conduct an effective investigation into his complaints.

The EBCO Meeting took place in Brussels

16–17 May in Peace House in Brussels the EBCO Meeting, concerning the situation with conscientious objectors (CO) in different countries and the 50th anniversary of the Belgian CO law, took place.

The European Court of Human Rights held that the State had failed to protect the life of conscript

In Chamber judgment in the case of Perevedentsevy v. Russia (application no. 39583/05), which is not final, the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously, that there had been:
two violations of Article 2 (right to life and investigation) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

From the beginning of the year in the sphere of defense in Azerbaijan 17 people died

In the first quarter 2014 losses of defense and security sector in Azerbaijan amounted 17 people, 12 people were killed or died in non-combat conditions,  according to military research Journalism Center "Doctrine."  
Six soldiers committed suicide ( hanged , shot ) , three died in car accidents, and three  soliers  died from disease.
Another 25 people  were wounded or injured, 21 - in non-combat conditions, - Turan.

 

About OSCE monitoring mission to Ukraine

Yuri Dzhibladze, the Center for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights (CDDHR), about OSCE monitoring mission to Ukraine:
  "After many days of extremely difficult negotiations, OSCE monitoring mission to Ukraine has been just approved by consensus, after Russia has been persistently blocking a decision. This means, I hope, that prospect of a military invasion beyond Crimea is drastically diminished.

Case of Kirov pacifist will be reviewed in the European Court

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has received and registered a complaint of Konev under number 67685/13. Defense believes that the Russian Federation violated Article 9 of the Convention on Human Rights against the pacifist, which provides the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion - said  Sergei Golubok, a specialist in the field of international human rights and the protection of constitutional rights.

ODIHR. Report Expert Meeting on Human Rights Monitoring in the Armed Forces, Warsaw, 4-5 March 2013

The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) hosted the Expert Meeting on Human Rights Monitoring in the Armed Forces on 4 and 5 March 2013. In total, 24 representatives from civil society, military associations, ombuds institutions and academia from across the OSCE region exchanged experiences and good practices in monitoring and protecting the rights of service personnel.
Some of the main issues of concern and challenges identified and discussed were: non-combat deaths, mistreatment and bullying, lack of human rights training for

ECHR Judgment concerning The case Marina Alekseyeva v. Russia (no. 22490/05)

The applicant, Marina Yuryevna Alekseyeva, is a Russian national who was born in 1960 and lives in Norilsk (Russia). The case concerned the death of her son on 2 March 2004 while serving his military service as a student at the Irkutsk Military College of Aviation Engineering. A bayonet with traces of blood on it was found near his body and he left a note stating his intention to end his life.

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