Общество и Армия
Международная сеть правозащитных организаций в поддержку призывников, военнослужащих и альтернативнослужащих: действия по обеспечению верховенства права



On November 10, 2014, the draft law on alternative civilian service (ACS) was passed by the House of Representatives in the first session (Resolution of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly from 10.11.2014 #434-П5/V). The text of the draft law in Russian is here: http://www.pravo.by/main.aspx?guid=3941&p0=2013108017.

There are some problematic aspects:
1. The discriminatory term of the ACS


In January 2014, a new Federal Law adopted by the State Duma came to force. This law prescribes that those who evade from the military service are prohibited to work in the government sector (including such vacancies as policeman, civil servant, judge, deputy and even a general employee (for example, secretary) in governmental structures). This law concerns both those who are already serving in the governmental sector (they should be dismissed) and those who will express the wish to serve in the future.


In the case of Lyalyakin v. Russia (application no. 31305/09) the European Court of Human Rights held, unanimously, that there had been:
a violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights, both on account of Mr Lyalyakin’s treatment and on account of the authorities’ failure to conduct an effective investigation into his complaints.

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